getting_started

! ! ! THIS ARTICLE IS A WORK IN PROGRESS ! ! !

Getting Started

This guide is a bit more comprehensive and definitely more friendly to newcomers to the AME project. There are many pieces of information that were common knowledge with earlier versions of Windows, that have been phased out by improvements to Windows 10. Due to the way that AME has been stripped down, it has become closer to Windows 7 than it is to Windows 10 and some of this knowledge has once again become relevant. For example, things like driver installation are no longer handled automatically by Windows Update and require manual installation. The guide will attempt to cover all the specifics to how AME works which differ from that of a standard Windows 10 install.

This section goes over various issues that users might have with disks and partitions which prevent AME from being installed. Most issues are easy to solve and are applicable on stock Windows 10 as well.

Many people run into a issue with the Windows installer, when they have some sort of issue regarding GPT, either due to BIOS support and/or configuration, or a pre-existing OS install on a disk affecting the partition map in a way that causes the Windows installer to fail. This page will hopefully give some insight as to which one to use for any specific system that is a target for an AME install.

For more information on either partitioning scheme, take a look at the Archwiki or the respective Wikipedia pages MBR GPT

MBR

This is an older partitioning scheme that is supported on older hardware, but also works on newer hardware via a compatibility support module (CSM) if the OEM has decided to include the feature in the BIOS. The only benefits of using MBR are simplicity and older hardware support, if you have a newer machine it will almost always be better to use GPT.

GPT

The GUID Partition Table or GPT is the successor to MBR and includes many new features not available to MBR. There are a few different issues that may crop up with using the incorrect partition scheme on either the install USB or the target disk. The easiest way to avoid issues is make sure that the partition scheme of the install USB matches that of the target disk and vice versa.

To prevent any issues with existing partitions on the target USB stick, wipe them with DiskPart.
Open a Command Prompt window as Administrator and run diskpart

diskpart


List all the available disks connected to the system

list disk


It should be easy to figure out which one is the USB stick, in the example image the 28GB disk is our target USB. Select the disk and then proceed with the next command to erase all the partitions.

select disk #
clean all


You may notice in the example photo there is an asterisk in the Gpt column which lets us know that the disk is using a GPT partition table. The good thing about using Rufus is that if you want to create a MBR installer, then it will simply clear out the GPT partition table and continue.

AME removes the ability for Windows to install drivers itself. This section will describe how to install drivers manually.

All drivers for your system can be installed with Snappy Driver Installer (SDI). This method is the easiest method of installing drivers on AME. This program has been vetted by us to install most drivers, but due to complications with APPX, it may be required to install the graphics drivers manually.
Using SDI Light over SDI Full is recommended as Full will require a 20GB download of all available drivers and is not required for installing drivers on a single computer. Snappy Driver Installer

If you are already running Windows 10 on the system you are planning to install AME, the drivers can easily be backed up and imported after AME has been installed. Source

On the existing Windows 10 install, run the command below in an admin command prompt.

dism /online /export-driver /destination:C:\MyDrivers

Replace the “C:\MyDrivers” portion with the actual path to the folder where you will store the drivers. It can be a folder on a separate partition of your disk drive or a folder on an external drive or USB flash drive.

The switches “/online /export-driver” tell DISM to look for drivers in the folder “C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore” of the currently running operating system.


To import the drivers on AME run the command below.

dism /online /Add-Driver /Driver:C:\MyDrivers /Recurse


The chipset is responsible for all devices on the motherboard not directly connected to the CPU which will likely cause issues if the chipset driver is not installed. Likewise, the graphics driver is necessary to use your computer's graphics card (GPU) properly.

Important note
Install the chipset drivers first, then the graphics drivers.

Chipset and Graphics drivers can easily be installed from the respective manufacturer: Nvidia Drivers AMD Intel

For users who do not know what hardware is in their computer and are unable to figure it out by a quick visual inspection or other means, they can refer to the sections below for further information on how to identify and download the correct drivers.

Intel

The CPU can easily be identified using task manager which will help identify which chipset and/or graphics drivers need to be installed. Each Intel CPU generation is restricted to one socket, to get the exact chipset Press [Windows Key + R], type in msinfo32 and press [Enter] the motherboard should be under “Baseboard Product”. The chipset drivers will be available from the product manufacturer's website, easily located with a search engine. After the CPU has been identified, a quick search on Intel ARK will help identify which graphics drivers need to be downloaded and a subsequent search of the CPU model on Intel's support website will produce download links to the correct graphics drivers. (picture of Intel ARK) (picture of Intel Drivers&Software)

AMD

The AMD CPUs can easily be identified using task manager which will help identify which chipset and/or graphics drivers need to be installed. The chipset on a desktop PC can be identified using these instructions. Once the CPU and chipset have been identified, the AMD Support website can be used to located the appropriate chipset driver and integrated graphics driver if the CPU has integrated graphics.
If you don't know which GPU you have, the GPU in your computer can be identified with this guide. The guide will work regardless if you have an AMD or Nvida graphics card.

Laptops

Laptops with dual graphics need to have the integrated graphics driver installed first and then the dedicated graphics driver. There are some specific things that are unique to installing nVidia drivers on laptops which need to be followed to get fully functionality on AME. Laptops with nvidia graphics require the DCH drivers instead of the standard drivers which are recommended to be used on with desktop GPUs. The control panel will not function and will need to be extracted from the driver package in order to be used as intended.
The directions to download the correct nVidia drivers can be found here: Nvidia Drivers.

Due to the unique modifications to AME, app compatibility for Windows has be affected. Please reference the chart below for further information. Any application denoted AppX means that it must be installed before the Amelioration.

Application Works Has Issues Doesn't Work AppX
Firefox X - - -
Adobe Photoshop CC 2020 X - - -
Adobe XD X X - X
Microsoft Office 2003-2019 X - - -
Blender X - - -
Cinebench R23 X X - -
Microsoft Office 2019 X - - -
  • getting_started.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/01/29 22:16
  • by malte